Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis - A Survey by the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons -

영아 비후성 유문협착증 - 대한소아외과학회 정회원을 대상으로 한 전국조사 -

  • Kim, I.K. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Kim, S.Y. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Kim, S.K. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Kim, W.K. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Kim, J.E. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Kim, J.C. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Kim, H.H. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Park, K.W. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Park, Y.S. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Park, W.H. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Song, Y.T. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Yang, J.W. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Oh, S.M. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Yoo, S.Y. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Lee, D.S. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Lee, M.D. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Lee, S.K. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Lee, S.C. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Chang, S.I. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons) ;
  • Chung, S.Y. (The Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
  • Published : 1998.12.30

Abstract

Thirty three members of the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons were surveyed to determine the clinical manifestations and current management of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The members completed a registration form and a questionnaire that indicated their treatment preferences for patients treated during 1996. The response rate was 84.8 %, and 23 institutions participated. Three hundred and sixty-three cases of IHPS were analysed. The male to female ratio was 5.15: 1. The presenting symptoms were nonbilious vomiting in 363 cases(100 %), palpable mass in the upper abdomen in 200 cases (55.1 %) and visible peristaltic waves in 67 cases(18.5 %). Fluid therapy was done in 161 cases(44.4 %) for preoperative preparation. Twenty patients(5.5 %) were premature. There were 27 low birth weight babies(7.7 %). The onset of symptoms ranged from 1 to 14 weeks of age with a peak occurrence at 2 to 4 weeks of age. Two hundred and thirty-six cases(66.6 %) presented within 4 weeks of age. There was one set of male twins and a family history of twins. The modes of feedings were: breast feeding; 69 cases(24.5 %), formula feeding; 176 cases(62.4 %) and mixed feeding; 37 cases(13.1 %). The preferred diagnostic modalities were ultrasonography (US) 229 cases(63.1 %), UGI series 27 cases(7.4%) and US and UGI series combined 86 cases(23.7 %). Only 21 cases(5.8 %) were operated on without imaging study, ie. with positive physical finding. Perforation of the mucosa during pyloromytomy occurred in 5 cases. All were treated successfully with primary closure. Persistent vomiting over 2 weeks after operation were reported in 5 cases. Three wound infections, one aspiration pneumonia and one postoperative bleeding were reported. There was no mortality in 363 cases.