Effects of the partial admission rate and cold flow inlet-outlet ratio on energy separation of Vortex Tube

Vortex Tube의 부분유입율과 저온 입.출구비가 에너지분리 특성에 미치는 영향

  • 김정수 (경북대학교 대학원) ;
  • 추홍록 (대구보건대학 산업안전과) ;
  • 상희선 (경일대학교 안전공학과)
  • Published : 1998.09.01


The vortex tube is a simple device for separating a compressed fluid stream into two flows of high and low temperature without any chemical reactions. Recently, vortex tube is widely used to local cooler of industrial equipments and air conditioner for special purpose. The phenomena of energy separation through the vortex tube were investigated to see the effects of cold flow inlet-outlet ratios and partial admission rates on the energy separation experimentally. The experiment was carried out with various cold flow inlet-outlet ratios from 0.28 to 10.56 and partial admission rates from 0.176 to 0.956 by varying input pressure and cold air flow ratio. To find best use in a given cold flow inlet-outlet ratio and partial admission rate, the maximum temperature difference of cold air was presented. The experimental results were indicated that there are an optimum range of cold flow inlet-outlet ratio for each partial admission rate and available partial admission rate.