Processing Suitability of Canned Ark Shell

새고막의 통조림 가공 적성

  • 배태진 (여수대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1998.04.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to process canned ark shell with highly quality by management of proper processing conditions for prevention of oxidation and discoloration by heating. Ark shell has hemoglobin as blood pigment in red blood shell which same as other cockles. Hemoglobin is easy to come oxidation and browning reaction, and it has large contents of carotenoid as meat pigment. Proximate compositions in ark shell were 76.9% of moisture, 18.1% of crude protein, 1.8% of crude lipid, 1.3% of carbohydrate and 1.6% of crude ash. And contents of carotenoid and hemoglobin were 0.67~1.02mg% and 0.98~1.64g/dl, respectively. When the living ark shell was soaked in 2% NaCl solutions, about 89% of mud was removed after 10 hours soaking, and over 91% was removed when the pH was adjusted to 7.5. Carotenoid pigment were prepared that extracted from ark shell by using acetone. And determined visible spectrum were two peak at 452nm and 687nm, and λmax were 452nm. During thermal treatment at 95$^{\circ}C$, 111$^{\circ}C$, 116$^{\circ}C$ and 121$^{\circ}C$ for 60 minutes, retention ratio of carotenoid were 71.8%, 66.8%, 64.4% and 36.5%, and after 120 minutes retention ratio were 56.6%, 30.6%, 30.3% and 17.2%, respectively. When heated at 95$^{\circ}C$, 111$^{\circ}C$, 116$^{\circ}C$ and 121$^{\circ}C$, formation of browning material were increased at high temperature and long time treatment.