Quality Stability of Oleoresin Onion

양파 Oleoresin의 저장중 품질 변화

  • 최옥수 (순천공업전문대학 여성교양과) ;
  • 배태진 (여수수산대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1998.04.01

Abstract

As a way of mass process of onion, Allium cepa L., the oleoresin decompressed and concentrated is an alternative process to minimize lowering in the quality of onion during storage, to improve the original flavor and taste, and to increase variety as processing aids. This study was performed to investigate on the quality stability during storage of oleoresin. Oleoresin product was manufactured by mixing a concentration of onion juice and ethanol extract homogenously, emulsified by an additional 2% PGDR(polyglycerol condensed ricinoleate) and 1% cysteine. During 60 days storage at 5$^{\circ}C$, $25^{\circ}C$ and 4$0^{\circ}C$ the total sugar content in oleoresin product was very stable, and absorbances at 420nm as browning reaction index were 0.38, 1.53 and 3.32, respectively, addition of 1% cysteine retarded the browning reaction effectively. When oleoresin product was centrifuged(2000$\times$G, 60 minutes), the volumes of emulsion level without separation were 96.8%, 94.1% and 9.06%, respectively during 20 days, 40 days and 60 days storage at 5$^{\circ}C$, and those during 60 days storage at $25^{\circ}C$ and 4$0^{\circ}C$ were appeared to be 83.2% and 75.4%. Showing lower level as increasing storage temperature. Antioxidant indexes(AI) of soybean oil added 1% oleoresin without storage and 0.02% BHA were 1.39 and 1.72. The former showed 80.8% antioxidant activity on induction time extension effect of the latter. Antioxidant indexes of oleoresin decreased slightly as increasing storage temperature and were 1.37, 1.30 and 1.08. Total pyruvate contents were 89.9%, 79.7% and 65.2%, respectively during 60 days storage at 5$^{\circ}C$, $25^{\circ}C$ and 4$0^{\circ}C$. Rate constant, Q10 value and activation energy were 1.381~4.735 mmol/$\ell$.hr, 1.537~1.694 and 11.649 ㎉/g mole for the reduction of pyruvates in the range of storage temperatures during oleoresin storage.