The Numerical Simulation on the Wet Deposition of Particles

입자상 물질의 습성 침적에 관한 수치 모의

  • Published : 1998.10.01

Abstract

The removal procedure of particles in the atmosphere was simulated in the saturated and dry conditions to know the effect of the saturated atmosphere on the size distributions of particles. The particles were divided into 5 ranges, 0.0mm, 0.0∼0.65mm, 0.65∼2mm, 2∼10mm and more than 10mm, and the gases were classified into the smallest range for calculation. At the dry condition, particles grew only by the collision -coalescence and were removed by gravitation. The particles in the range of 2.0∼10mm fell mostly at the 30 km distance from the pollutant source because of gravitation. The particles larger than 10 pm were removed at the 10 km distance from the pollutant source because of their gravity. But the particles larger than 10pm appeared again at more than 30km distance. It is considered that they have been grown during the smaller particles had been advected and diffused at that distance, and it needed about 1 hour from the moment of release. At the saturated condition, particles grew by both the collision-coalescence and condensation. The model showed that the condensation makes more number of particles larger than 10mm and then the particles were removed due to their large gravity. Only a few particles existed at the range of 0.65∼10mm and larger thats 10mm. It is concluded that the saturated atmosphere is effective on removing PM-10.

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