Waveform Estimation from Seismic Records

탄성파 기록으로부터 기본 파형 추출에 관한 연구

  • 이두성 (한성대학교 정보처리연구센터)
  • Published : 1998.11.01

Abstract

Seismic waveform estimation is based on the assumption that the seismic trace tying a well is one dimensional convolution of the propagating seismic waveform and the reflectivity series derived from well logs (sonic and density). With this assumption, the waveform embedded in a seismic trace can be estimated using a Wiener match filter. In this paper, I experimented a preprocessing procedure that applies both on the seismic trace and on the reflectivity series. The procedure is based on the assumption that the travel time can be estimated better from the seismic trace and that the instantaneous reflectivity values can be measured better on the well log. Thus the procedure is, 1) start-time adjustment and dynamic differential stretches are applied on the sonic log, and 2) seismic amplitudes are balanced such that the low frequency part of the seismic are matched to that of the reflectivities derived from well logs.