Optimum Quality Control of Seismic Data of Kunsan Basin in Offshore Korea

국내대륙붕 군산분지에 대한 탄성파 전산처리의 최적 매개 변수 결정

  • Published : 1998.11.01

Abstract

The Kunsan basin is a pull-apart basin which was formed during Tertiary. The pre-Tertiary section consists of various rock types, such as meta-sediments, igneous rocks, carbonates, clastics, and volcanics. Tertiary sections are the main targets for the petroleum exploration. In order to determine the optimum processing parameters of the basin, about 12 kinds of test processings were performed. The first main steps for the quality control is to determine the noisy or bad traces by examining the near trace section and shot gathers. The true amplitude recovery was applied to account for the amplitude losses due to spherical divergence and inelastic attenuation. Source designature and predictive deconvolution test were conducted to determine the optimum wavelet parameters and to remove the multiples. Velocity analysis was performed at 1km intervals. The optimum mute function was picked by locating the range of offsets which gives the best stacking response for any particular reflections. Post-stack deconvolution was tested to see if the quality of stacked data improved. The stacked data was migrated using a finite difference algorithm. The migration velocity was obtained from the stacking velocities using the time varying percentages. The AGC sections were provided for the structural interpretation. The RAP sections were used for DHI analysis and for the detection of volcanics.

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