Analysis of the Distributional Effects of Radioactive Materials on External Gamma Exposure

방사성물질의 분포특성에 따른 외부 감마피폭해석

  • 한문희 (한국원자력연구소 원자력환경연구팀) ;
  • 김은한 (한국원자력연구소 원자력환경연구팀) ;
  • 서경석 (한국원자력연구소 원자력환경연구팀) ;
  • 황원태 (한국원자력연구소 원자력환경연구팀) ;
  • 최영길 (한국원자력연구소 원자력환경연구팀)
  • Published : 1998.12.30


The distributional effects of radioactive materials on external gamma exposure have been analyzed. An approximate method for estimating external gamma dose given from an arbitrary distribution of radioactive material has been developed. The minimum gamma exposure given from a point source is shown at 0.07 MeV if the source to receptor distance is shorter than 10 m. But if the receptor to point source distance is longer than 20 m, gamma exposure rate increases monotonously according to the average gamma energy. For the analysis of the effects of volume source, we estimated the gamma dose given from different size of hemisphere in which radioactive materials are distributed uniformly. When the radius of hemisphere is longer than 40 m, external gamma dose rate increases monotonously. The gamma dose rate given from the radioactive materials deposited on the ground shows the minimum value at 0.07 MeV in any case. The analysis shows that external gamma exposure is strongly dependent on the distribution of radioactive materials in the environment and gamma energy.