Apoplastic Phloem Loading of Photoassimilate

광합성산물의 아포플라스트 체관부적재 기작

  • 김성문 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 자원생물환경학부) ;
  • 허장현 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 자원생물환경학부) ;
  • 한대성 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 자원생물환경학부)
  • Received : 1997.09.03
  • Published : 1997.12.30


Photoassimilates translocate from regions of carbohydrate synthensis(source) to regions of carbohydrate utilization or storage(sink). In the source, assimilate loads into the phloem for long-distance transport. Current evidence suggests that there are twig loading mechanisms : one involves assimilate transfer via the apoplasm and then load into the phloem by carrier-mediated proton-sucrose cotransport, while the other involves movement through the continuous symplastic connections between the mesophyll cells and the phloem. Inspite of problems associated with the interpretation of experiments, the evidence for apoplastic loading remains convincing because the apoplastic loading systems explains well the observed accumulation capacity arid the selectivity of assimilate uptake by tile phloem.