Dynamic Behavior Study Using Videomicroscopy in Systems Containing Polar Oils and Nonionic Surfactant

극성 오일, 비이온성 계면활성제를 포함한 계에서의 Videomicroscopy를 이용한 동적 거동에 관한 연구

  • 임종주 (동국대학교 공과대학 화학공학과)
  • Received : 1997.02.05
  • Accepted : 1997.03.19
  • Published : 1997.06.10

Abstract

Enhanced videomicroscopy was used to observe the dynamic behavior which occurred when water containing pure nonionic surfactant was carefully contacted with equal volumes of polar oils such as oleyl alcohol and oleic acid at various temperatures. A key component of the system is a vertical-stage microscope which provides for stable interfaces by locating the oil above the denser aqueous phase. This arrangement allowed intermediate phases formed at the surface of contact to be clearly observed, as well as any spontaneous emulsification which developed. Contacting experiments with $C_{12}E_5$ as the surfactant and with pure oleyl alcohol and oleic acid soils showed little activity below the cloud point but vigorous activity at higher temperatures including formation of an intermediate lamellar liquid crystalline phase. Diffusion path theory, which allows prediction of spontaneous emulsification resulting from diffusion and of intermediate phase formation during contacting processes, was used to understand the dynamic behavior seen during contacting experiments. Tentative diffusion paths for the contacting experiments with pure oleyl alcohol were presented with the aid of a partial phase diagram of the oleyl alcohol-water-$C_{12}E_5$ system.

Keywords

References

  1. Surfactant Science Series Detergency : Theory and Technology W. G. Cutler;E. Kissa
  2. The Physical Chemistry of Detergency A. M. Schwartz;E. Matijevic(ed.)
  3. Interfacial Phenomena; Equilibrium and dynamic Effects C. A. Miller;P. Neogi
  4. J. Colloid Interface Sci. v.110 K. H. Raney;W. J. Benton;C. A. Miller
  5. J. Colloid Interface Sci. v.119 K. H. Raney;W. J. Benton;C. A. Miller
  6. J. Colloid Interface Sci. v.119 K. H. Raney;C. A. Benton;C. A. Miller
  7. Colloids and Surfaces v.40 F. Mori;J. C. Lim;O. G. Raney;C. M. Elsik;C. A. Miller
  8. Colloids and Surfaces v.66 J. C. Lim;C. A. Miller;C. H. Yang
  9. Prog. Colled Polym. Sci. v.82 F. Mori;J. C. Lim;C. A. Miller
  10. Prog. Colloid Polym. Sci. v.83 J. C. Lim;C. A. Miller
  11. Society Chemical Industry Surface Active Agents H. S. Kielman;P. H. F. van Steen
  12. Can. Met. Quart. v.2 J. S. Kirkirdy;L. C. Brown
  13. J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. v.60 N. H. Christenson
  14. Ind. Eng. Chem. fundam. v.11 K. J. ruschak;C. A. Miller
  15. ACS Symp. Ser. #272 Macro-and Microemulsions K. H. Raney;W. J. Benton;C. A. Miller;D.O. Shah(ed.)
  16. Can. J. Phys. v.36 J. S. Kirkirdy
  17. Trans. Faraday Soc. v.46 P. V. Danckwerts
  18. Diffusion in Solids, Liquids, Gases W. Jost
  19. Ph. D Thesis, rice Uniersity K. H. Raney
  20. J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans/ v.79 no.1 D. J. Mitchell(et al.)
  21. Nonionic Surfactants : Physical Chemistry Micelle Formation in Aqueous Media K. Meguro(et al.);M.J. Schick(ed.)
  22. Colloids and Surfaces v.19 W. J. Benton;O. Ghosh;C. A. Miller
  23. J. Phys. Chem. v.91 O. Ghosh;C.A. Miller
  24. J. Phys. Chem. v.87 W. J. Benton;C. A. Miller
  25. Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability S. Chandrasekhar