Surfactant Washing of Organics from a Contaminated Site I. Clean Up of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soils

Surfactant washing에 의한 토양 내의 유기물 제거에 관한 연구 I. 탄화수소로 오염된 토양의 정화

  • 임종주 (동국대학교 공과대학 화학공학과)
  • Received : 1996.11.18
  • Accepted : 1997.04.24
  • Published : 1997.06.10


The objective of this study was to find optimum nonionic surfactants for clean up of soils contaminated by hydrocarbon oils. PIT(phase inversion temperature) measurements in ternary systems containing pure hydrocarbons, pure nonionic surfactants, and water were carried out and interfacial tensions were measured as a function of time for n-hexadecane oil drops brought into contact with various mixtures of nonionic surfactant and water. Batch surfactant washing experiments were performed based on the measurement, results of PIT and interfacial tension and the results showed that maximum removal of n-hexadecane occurred at the PIT of the system. For the $C_{12}E_5(C_{12}H_{25}O(CH_2CH_2O)_5H)$ system, maximum n-hexadecane removal of 73.4% occurred at the PIT of $52^{\circ}C$. In contrast, n-hexadecane removal at $25^{\circ}C$ and at $60^{\circ}C$, each corresponding to the conditions of below PIT and above PIT of the system, was found to be 57.1% and 57.0% respectively. The maximum removal of a hydrocarbon at the PIT of a system, where the hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties are balanced, was found to be due to the existence of high oil solubilization into a middle-phase microemulsion and ultralow interfacial of the order of $10^{-2}$ to $10^{-3}$ dyne/cm between middle-phase microemulsion and excess oil phase.



Grant : 신진교수과제

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단


  1. EPA 600/R-94/120 Evaluation of technologies for in-situ cleanup of DNAPL contaminated sites U.S. Environmental protection agency
  2. Sep. Sci. and Technol. v.24 H. J. Wayt;D. J. Wilson
  3. Sep. Sci. and Technol. v.24 O. K. Ganton;P. Bibring;K. Raney;J. A. Ward;D. J. Wilson
  4. Sep. Sci. Technol. v.28 J. L. Underwood;K. A. Debelak;D. J. Wilson;J. M. Means
  5. Sep. Sci. and Technol. v.29 S. B. Burchfield;D. J. Wilson;An. N. Clarke
  6. Ground Water v.30 A. S. Abdul;T. L. Gibson;C. A. Ang;J. C. Smith;R.E. Sobczynski
  7. J. Colloid and Interface Sci. v.117 K. H. Raney;W. J. Benton;C. A. Miller
  8. J. Colloid Interface Sci. v.110 W. J. Benton;K. H. Raney;C. A. Miller
  9. Prog. Colloid Polym. Sci. v.82 F. Mori;J. C. Lim;C. A. Miller
  10. Colloids and Surfaces v.40 F. Mori;J. C. Lim;O. G. Raney;C. M. Elsik;C. A. Miller
  11. J. Colloid and Interface Sci. v.32 H. Saito;K. Shinoda
  12. Surface Phenomena in Enganced Oil Recovery Measurement of low interfacial tension between crude oil and formulation data with dissolved surfactants by the spinning drop technique A. Capelle;Shah, D.O.(ed.)
  13. J. Phys. Chem. v.90 M. Kahlweit;R. Strey;P. Firman
  14. Colloid and Polym. Sci. v.265 F. Schambil;M. Schwuger
  15. J. Disp. Sci. and Technol. v.1 M. Bourrel;C. Koukounis;R. Schwchter;W. Wade
  16. J. Disp. Sci. and Technol. v.3 H. Kunieda;K. Shinoda