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Pedigree Indexing of Imported American Brahman Breeder Cattle in the Philippines

  • Bondac, O.L. (Animal Breeding Division, Institute of Animal Science, University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB), College) ;
  • Mercado, C.M. (Livestock Breeding Services Group (LBSG), Philippine Genetics, Inc. (PGI)) ;
  • Vera Cruz, N.C. (Dairy Training and Research Institute (DTRI), UPLB, LBSG, PGI) ;
  • Palou, R.N. (PGI) ;
  • Jr, J.S.Server (National Agribusiness Corporation (NABCOR))
  • Received : 1996.11.23
  • Accepted : 1997.03.05
  • Published : 1997.12.01

Abstract

Pedigree data were used to predict the performance of 1,166 imported Americas Brahman breeder cattle, composed of 104 bulls and 1,062 heifers with an average age of 24.4 months (range of 17 to 40 months). A total of 13 full sib, 10 maternal half sib, and 228 paternal half sib groups were identified, each with average group size of 2.08, 2.00, and 4.49, respectively. Only 758 (64.9% of total) imported cattle were found to have at least one ancestor with expected progeny differences (EPDs) reported in the Spring 1995 Brahman Sire Summary. Moderate average accuracy values of .71, .69, .52, and .52 for birth weight, weaning weight, yearling weight, and maternal milk, respectively, were noted for EPDs of the ancestors. Prediction equations were derived by multiple regression analysis of available EPDs of sire, paternal grand sire, and maternal grand sire. Based on pedigree indexes that involve various combinations of available ancestral information, the average predicted EPDs (lbs) for imported cattle were $1.76{\pm}0.54$, $14.93{\pm}4.86$, $25.10{\pm}9.50$, and $5.86{\pm}2.08$ for birth weight, weaning weight, yearling weight, and maternal milk, respectively. Significant correlations (p < .05) were also found between sire and son EPDs (+.27) for yearling weight; and between sire and paternal grand sire EPDs for birth weight (+.34), weaning weight (+.51), yearling weight (+.49), and maternal milk (+.55).

Keywords

Pedigree Index;Imported American Brahman Cattle;Expected Progeny Differences (EPD)