Bypass Fat Production Using Acid Oil, Its Effect on In Vitro Rumen Fermentation and Effect of Its Feeding on In Sacco DM Disappearance in Sheep

  • Garg, M.R. (Scientist-III (Biotechnology), National Dairy Development Board)
  • Received : 1996.11.28
  • Accepted : 1997.08.11
  • Published : 1997.12.01


Attempts were made in the laboratory to produce bypass fat using acid oil by precipitation and fusion methods. The degree of saponification by both of these methods was above 80 percent. Where heating facilities are not available, precipitation method could be used, otherwise, fusion method of bypass fat production is found to be more convenient, especially for commercial scale operations as handling of large volume of solutions is eliminated. Bypass fat thus produced was tested in vitro for rumen fermentation. Incorporation of acid oil in the incubation medium reduced TVFA conc. from 127.06 to 124.09 mM/l SRL and increased ammonia-N levels from 210.50 to 223 mg/l SRL indicating that the microbial activity was affected on incorporation of acid oil in the incubation medium. However, incorporation of bypass fat in the incubation medium did not significantly affect TVFA conc. as well as ammonia-N levels. In another experiment, nine rumen fistulated sheep in three groups of three each were fed bypass fat at two different levels. Dry matter disappearance in 24 h from the nylon bags suspended in the rumen of animals under different groups was found to be $47.74{\pm}1.10$, $47.55{\pm}0.21$ and $50.74{\pm}1.11$ in group I (control), group II (fed bypass fat 50 g/day) and group III (fed bypass fat 100 g/day), respectively. These studies indicated that it is possible to produce bypass fat from acid oils, a by-product of oil refining process, and its feeding did not affect rumen fermentation.