- Volume 19 Issue 3
A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE CLINICAL MANEFESTATIONS, ETIOLOGIC FACTORS OR SURGICAL CORRECTION METHODS OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL DEFORMITY PATIENTS
악안면 기형 환자들의 발현 양상, 원인 요소 및 외과적 교정 방법에 관한 역학적연구
- Hyeon, Chung-Hwan (Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Chungnam National University Hospital, Previously) ;
- Yim, Chang-Joon (Dept. of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dankook University)
- Published : 1997.09.30
Recently the goal of orthognathic surgery has been focused on esthetic improvement of the patients. Also early corrective surgery was favorable selected by most of the oral and maxillofacial surgeons. We should consider the etiologic factor of the patient's dentofacial deformities when treatment is planned, because this is the major factor in estimating the predictability or stability of result. The more researches were carried on the etiologic factors of the dentofacical deformities, The more possibility of the early surgical correction will be increased. The authors analyzed about etiologic factors and epidemiologic studies of the forth patients who had received the orthognathic surgery. The analyzed results were as follows: 1. The predilection ration between male and female was 17:23, and 32 patients (80%) of 40 patients were aged twenties. 2. 26patients(65%) complained estetic problems as well as functional problems. 10 patients(25%) complained only esthetic problems, and 4 of 40 patients complained only functional problems. 3. Mandibular prognathism was found to be done most frequently(25, 39%). Facial asymmetry (13, 20%) and angle hypertrophy were found to be next in sequence. 4. Sagittal split ramus ostetomy was done most frequently(27, 35%). Lefort I osteotomy(13, 17%), angle reduction (12,16%), and genioplasty(11, 15%) were done also. 5. The number of the cases due to nonspecific etiologic factor was 22(55%), that of cases due to inhertied tendency was 12(30%), that of cases due to congenital anomaly was 3(7.5%), and that of cases due to trauma was 3(7.5%). 6. The number of patients who got only maxilliary surgery was 2(5%), that of patients who got only mandibular surgery was 23(57.5%), and that of patients who got simultaneous two jaw surgery was 15(37.5%).