Mineralization and Adsorption of $^{14}C$-Lablled Imazapyr in Soil

($^{14}C$ 표지 Imazapyr의 토양중 무기화와 흡착

  • Published : 1997.12.30

Abstract

In order to elucidate the degradation characteristics of the herbicide imazapyr in soil, mineralization to $^{14}CO_2$and adsorption were investigated using eight types of soils with the different physico-chemical properties. The results obtained were as follows: 1. During the incubation period of 12 weeks after the treatment of imazapyr, the amounts of $^{14}CO_2$ evolved from 8 types of soils with different properties ranged from 1.5 to 4.9% of the originally applied $^{14}C$ activities. Soil C, G, and H with low pH and high organic matter showed low $^{14}CO_2$evolution, whereas soil B and D with high pH and low organic matter did high $^{14}CO_2$ evolution. 2. Time for reaching the equilibrium concentrations in the adsorption experiment of imazapyr in soils was about 3 hours at $25^{\circ}c$ in soil C, D, G, and H. Imazapyr was adsorbed in the range of 0.25${\sim}$28.32% in soils with different physico-chemical properties. Among the soil parameters, organic matter content was the most influential in imazapyr adsorption on soil. The Freundlich adsorption coefficient $(K_f)$ increased 5.5 to 25.6 times as organic matter content increased 2.0 to 21.3 times. Hence it seems that the extent to which soil organic matter contributes to imazapyr adsorption is greater than that of clay mineral. $K_f$ values for the soils tested were 0.44, 0.08, 0.65, and 2.05 in soil C, D, G, and H, respectively. In all the soils tested, $K_f$ values had a strong resemblance to K_$K_d$.

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