Heavy Metal Accumulation in Cell of Heavy Metal-Tolerant Bacteria by Some Physical and Chemical Treatments

물리화학적 전처리에 의한 중금속 내성세균의 균체내 중금속 축적 변화

  • Cho, Ju-Sik (Dept. of Argricultural Chemistry,Sunchon National University) ;
  • Lee, Hong-Jae (Dept. of Argricultural Chemistry,Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Heo, Jong-Soo (Dept. of Argricultural Chemistry,Gyeongsang National University)
  • Published : 1997.12.30

Abstract

Heavy metal-tolerant microorganisms, such as Pseudomonas putida, P. aeruginosa, P. chlororaphis and P. stutzeri which possessed the ability to accumulate cadmium, lead, zinc and copper, respectively, were isolated from industrial wastewaters and mine wasewaters polluted with various heavy metals. Metal binding sites in the cells were investigated by extracting the components of the cells through pretreatments with hot water, acid, alkli, chloroform-methanol or chloroform-methanol/concentrated alkali. The heavy metal accumulation was drastically decreased by pretreatment with alkali or chloroform-methanol/concentrated alkali, but the heavy metal accumulation was not changed by pretreatment with chloroform-methanol. The amount of heavy metal accumulation was remarkably decreased by decreasing crude protein remaining in the cell. These results suggested that proteins of cell components played an important role on the heavy metal accumulation.

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