Properties and Application Effects of Imidacloprid Coated Urea

Imidacloprid 피복 요소 혼합제제의 특성 및 시용효과

  • Park, Ki-Do (National Yeongnam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Kang, Ui-Gum (National Yeongnam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Saeng (National Yeongnam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Park, Chang-Young (National Yeongnam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Park, Kyeong-Bae (National Yeongnam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA) ;
  • Ha, Ho-Sung (Agricultural College, Gyeongsang Nat'l University) ;
  • Kang, Kyu-Young (Agricultural College, Gyeongsang Nat'l University)
  • Published : 1997.12.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to develop labor-saving pesticide-fertilizer mixed formulation through a single application of mixed formulation of an insecticide imidacloprid coated on a slow release urea. The release of both total nitrogen and imidacloprid into water was delayed with increasing adhesive.Imidacloprid was released out 95% within 24 hours, whereas total nitrogen released in mixed formulation until 40 days was released less extent by increasing adhesive. There was no difference between pesticide-fertilizer mixed formulation and coated urea thereafter. The content of $NH_4-N$ in the soil treated with pesticide and urea seperating was higher until 10 days but gradually decreased compare to that of pesticide-fertilizer mixed formulation or coated urea. The population density of nitrate reducing bacteria and denitrifying bacteria in soil after treatment were lower in the pesticide-fertilizer mixed formulation and coated urea than those of pesticide and urea separate treatment. The residue of imidacloprid in soil was slightly higher in the treatment of pesticide alone than the pesticide-fertilizer mixed formulation and pesticide and urea seperating treatment. The population and control efficacy of small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus, were not significance different among treatments.

Keywords

Pesticide;Fertilizer;Residue;small brown planthoppe