충북(忠北) 지역(地域) 시설재배(施設栽培) 토양(土壤)의 화학적(化學的) 특성(特性)

• Published : 1997.09.30

Abstract

The salt accumulation, and chemical properties of 90 samples of the plastic film house soil in the area of Cheongju and Chungju were surveyed. Soil textural distribution of soil samples was 30% for sandy loam, 27% for loam and 43% for silty loam. Percentage distribution of electrical conductivity(EC) of surface soil was 23% below $2dS\;m^{-1}$, 30% for $2{\sim}4dS\;m^{-1}$, 25% for $4{\sim}6dS\;m^{-1}$ and 22% over $6dS\;m^{-1}$. Salt affected soil, which EC was higher than $4dS\;m^{-1}$, covered nearly 50% of all field surveyed. However subsoils(20~30cm) below $2dS\;m^{-1}$ was 68%. Salts in plastic film house soil was accumulated by increasing the cultivation period. After 5 years of cultivation electrical conductivity in plastic house soil was generally higher than $4.47dS\;m^{-1}$ in EC that was 2.8~5.6 times higher than that in the field soil in the outside of plastic film house. As the result of temporary removal of plastic film cover from the house during the rainy summer season, salt content in soil was decreased from $3.54{\sim}7.36dS\;m^{-1}$ to $0.71{\sim}2.92dS\;m^{-1}$ in EC due to the desalinization by runoff and percolating water. Contents of $NO_3-N$, $SO_4-S$ and Cl in plastic film house soil were 2.5. 7.0 and 3.4 times higher than those of open field respectively.