Effects of Soil Bulk Density on Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity and Solute Elution Patterns

토양의 용적밀도에 따른 포화수리전도도 및 음이온의 용출양상

  • Published : 1997.09.30

Abstract

The effects of bulk densities(${\rho}_b$) on saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) and solute elution patterns were investigated from five different bulk densities ranging from $1.1Mg/m^3$ to $1.5Mg/m^3$ with each increment of $0.1Mg/m^3$. The hydraulic conductivities observed were divided into two stages: (1) a linearly decrease with increase in bulk density up to $1.4Mg/m^3$, (2) a steady state where the bulk density is greater than $1.4Mg/m^3$. Using the saturated hydraulic conductivity at the steady state, we figured out the equation describing the correlation between bulk densities(${\rho}_b$) and saturated hydraulic conductivity(Ksat) as follows: $Ksat=-19.2({\rho}_b{^2})+6{\rho}_b+15.5$, (r=0.985). Electrical conductivity(EC) measured from the leachate of the soil column showed that EC at the same pore volume were decreased with an increase in the bulk density from $1.2g/cm^3$, $1.5g/cm^3$, as shown in the time taken to collect the same pore volume at each respective bulk density. The maximum relative concentrations (C/Co=1) from the breakthrough curves for the anions of $Cl^-$, $NO_3{^-}$ and $SO_4{^{2-}}$, which are weakly adsorbed on the soil particles, moved to the right of the graph, while a distinctive retardation occurs at the bulk density between $1.3Mg/m^3$ and $1.4Mg/m^3$. The time taken to recover about 90% of indigenous sulphate was approximately twice as those of chloride and nitrate, resulting in slightly stronger adsorption characteristics for sorption sites on the soil surface. Thus, we can conclude that the salt accumulation in green house soil might be significantly influenced by it's bulk density at the soil depth, as well as the adsorption capacity of ions for the sorption sites in soils.

Keywords

Salt accumulation;EC;Anion;Elution;Hydraulic conductivity;Bulk density

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단