Analysis of Drought Based on the Weather Data in Suwon District

기상 자료에 의한 수원 지역 한발 분석

  • Oh, Yong-Taeg (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Shin, Jae-Sung (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Im, Jung-Nam (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology)
  • Published : 1997.09.30


Daily rainfalls and evaporations from copper pan measured in Suweon from 1964 to 1996 were figured respectively so that past soil moisture deficits can be understood clearly at a glance in relation to the characteristics of weather. Past drought intensities in Suweon were computed on the basis of Oh's 50mm pan model estimating drought in terms of daily, monthly shortage of evapotranspiration and growthless time fraction. Yearly differences in drought seem to result mainly from yearly differences in rainfall distribution and intensity, because there is the periodical similarity in evaporation from year to year. The most intense drought continued from December, 1964 to June, 1965 for 190 days and the most frequent rainfalls were observed from June, 1989 to August, 1990 for 15 months. The applied Oh's drought estimation model was reinforced with figuring programs with a view to later application for other districts. Present economic value index of irrigation were distributed in the range of 120% to 210% of one season yield for spring chinese cabbage, calculated on the basis of 10 year's accumulation of its expectable future yield increase. Therefore, the same value can be invested for the installation of new irrigation system even only for spring chinese cabbage, if its depreciation period is 10 years.