Functional analysis of Tyr7 residue in human glutathione S-transferase P1-1

Human glutathione S-transferase 중 tyrosine 7 잔기의 기능 분석

  • Kong, Kwang-Hoon (Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Park, Hee-Joong (Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Yoon, Suck-Young (Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Cho, Sung-Hee (Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Chung-Ang University)
  • Received : 1997.06.16
  • Published : 1997.10.25

Abstract

In order to clarify the functional role of Tyr7 in human glutathione S-transferase P1-1, we extensively investigated the effect of mutation of Tyr7 on the substrate specificity and inhibition characteristics. The mutational replacement of Tyr7 with phenylalanine lowered the specific activities with 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene and 1,2-epoxy-3-(p-nitrophenoxy) propane for GSH-conjugation reaction to 3~5% of the values for the wild-type enzyme. The pKa of the thiol group of GSH bound in Y7F was about 2.4 pK units higher than that in the wild-type enzyme. The $I_{50}$ of hematin for Y7F was similar to that for the wild-type enzyme and those of benastatin A and S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione were only moderately decreased. These results suggest that Tyr7 is considered to be important the catalytic activities not only for GSH-chloronitrobenzene derivatives but also for GSH-epoxide conjugation reaction, rather than to binding of the substrates.

Keywords

glutathione S-tranferase;tyrosine 7 residue;active site;substrate spedficity;inhibition characteristics

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korean Ministry of Education