- Volume 13 Issue 1
The experiments of rice bread processing were carried out to compare the varietal difference in processing adaptability to rice bread between brown and milled rice flour, and to analyze the interrelations among chemical properties of rice grain and some characteristics relevant to rice bread processing and quality There was varietal difference in adaptability to rice bread processing in both brown and milled rice, but there was not significant adaptability difference between brown and milled rice flours to rice bread processing. However, there was remarkable adaptability difference between brown and milled rice flours to rice bread processing in some rice varieties. Three high-amylose rices AC 27, IR 44, Suweonjo showed high quality of milled rice bread among tested rice materials. Brown rice revealed better adaptability to rice bread processing compared with milled rice in all varieties except the above three varieties. Especially, the glutinous rice Hangangchalbyeo failed to normal formation of rice bread from milled rice flour, but it showed the successful formation of rice bread from brown rice flour. The interrelations among chemical components of rice grain and some characteristics relevant to rice bread processing and quality exhibited quite different tendency between brown and milled rices. In the case of rice bread processing by brown rice flour, the larger volume expansion of dough during fermentation made the more springy rice bread and the more moist rice bread showed the more soft and cohesive physical property. In the case of rice bread processing by milled rice flour, the lower protein of rice flour was closely associated with the more moistness of rice bread and the higher lipid led to the more uniformal air pore distribution, the smaller pore size and the lower springiness of rice bread. Also, the larger volume expansion of dough during fermentation made the better loaf formation and the larger pore size of rice bread. The better loaf formation of rice bread revealed the softer hardness and the lower chewiness, and the lower springiness was closely correlated with the more uniformal size distribution of air pore and the smaller pore size in rice bread.