- Volume 11 Issue 3
The metal spikes evaluated in this study significantly affected more negative on the turf wear and ball speed of putting green than alternative plastic spikes. 1.The metal spikes caused the most amount of wear compared with plastic spikes, athletic shoes and mountain-climbing shoes. On the other hand, athletic shoes caused the least amount of wear. Plastic spikes caused wear more than athletic shoes, hut apparently wear less than metal spikes. The wear from metal spike repaired later than any other tread types. 2.The wear from all kinds of shoe treads in wetcondition green were higher than in dry-condition green and the wear from metal spikes was more severe compared with plastic spikes in both green condition. 3. Ball speed of heavy compaction area by metal spike was reduced about 9% compared with that of light compaction area, hecause metal spikes made many holes in the putting green surface. On the other hand, plastic spikes did not affect hall speed of heavy and light compaction area in the putting green. Key words: Metal spike, Plastic spike, Wear, Ball speed.