Modelling Relative Water Flow and its Sensitivity of Fish in a Towed Fishing Gear

예망어구내의 상대유속과 어류의 유수감각 예민도에 대한 모델링

  • Published : 1997.09.01


예망어구의 유체역학적인 특성과 예망어구내에서의 유속 측정 자료를 기초로 어류의 측선 유수감각에 작용하는 유효한 유수자극량을 추산하고 정량화하기 위하여 예망어구내의 3차원적인 상대유속의 선형적인 분포정도를 모델링하였다. 예망어구내의 상대유속은 망지의 제반규격과 예망어구의 수중 전개형상에서의 각부 거리비에 따라 상대유속비를 선형적으로 수식화하여 본문의 식(3)과 (8)로 표현하였다. 이러한 상대유속비는 어류의 측선 유수감각기관에 의하여 탐지될 수 있는 와동 유수자극량의 지표로써 사용될 수 있다. 어류의 유수감각 예민도는 어류의 전장과 어체주위 상대유속에 의하여 선형적으로 변화되는 것으로 가정하고 본문의 식(9)와 같이 탐지가능한 상대유속차의 최소값으로 나타내었다. 예망어구내의 상대유속 분포에 관한 본 모델의 계산 결과는 실물예망어구에서 실측된 상대유속의 범위내에서 거의 근사하게 나타났으며 본 모델은 어류의 대망행동 모델링에서 예망어구의 유수자극과 어류의 유수감각 예민도를 상대적으로 정량화하여 어류행동의 반응요인으로 적용할 수 있을 것이다.



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