Antimutagenic Effects of Juices from Edible Korean Wild Herbs

  • Ham, Seung-Shi (Division of Food and Biotechnology, Kangweon National University) ;
  • Oh, Deog-Hwan (Division of Food and Biotechnology, Kangweon National University) ;
  • Hong, Jeong-Kee (Pyungchang Wild Vegetable Experimental Station) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Hoon (Division of Food and Biotechnology, Kangweon National University)
  • Published : 1997.06.01

Abstract

The mutagenic and antimutagenic activities of juices from 20 common edible wild herbs found in Korea were investigated using the spore-rec assay and Ames test. The juices of Hemerocallis fulva and Capsella bursapastoris exhibited a little induction or inhibition of mutagenesis in the presence of selected metal ions, but juices of most edible wild herbs did not affect on the mutagenesis in the spore-rec assay. In the other hand, all of the juices strongly inhibited the mutagenesis induced by benzo[a]pyrene, 2-amino-fluorene, and 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyridol tested on Salmonella typhimurium TA98 or TA100 in the presence of S-9 mix. The antimutagenic effects increased as the concentration of the mutagens increase. The results suggest that concentration of samples or types of various mutagen interact to affect the antimutagenic potential of the juices in the TA98 and TA100 strain.