Physicochemical Properties of Modified Rice Powder for Rice-Based Infant Foods III -Acetylated-coss linkage treatment on rice powder

반고형 이유식의 개발을 위한 변형 쌀가루 제조 및 이화학적 특성 III - 초산-처리 쌀가루

  • 최정선 (한국식품개발연구원 산업화연구부) ;
  • 손경희 (연세대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 최희선 (연세대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1997.12.30


The modification of rice powder was attempted by treatment of acetic acid and epichlorohydrin to improve the functional properties of baby food. The initial gelatinization temperature of rice powder determined by amylograph was decreased from $79.5^{\circ}C$ to $63^{\circ}C$ by modification. The apparent and maxium viscosity of rice paste at $95^{\circ}C$ before and after modification were increased from 92B.U. to 236B.U. and from 100B.U. to 202B.U., respectively. The light transmittance of modified rice paste was increased from the temperature of $60^{\circ}C$ and by increasing the degree of substitution at the fixed temperature, while decrease more or less by the treatment of epichlorohydrin. The degree of retrogradation of the paste was decreased from 28.7 to 18.0 upon modification. The rate of syneresis of modified rice powder was decreased with increasing the drgree of substitution and ,the extend of epichlorohydrin treatment. Syneresis was not observed when acetylated rice powder whose DS value is 0.048 was treated with 0.25% of epichlorohydrin for the formation of cross-linkage. The addition of modified rice powder in preparation of semi-solid type infant food could improve the quality without lowering overall digestibility.