The Eeffect of Sodium Nitroprusside on Muscle Tension in Guinea-pig Ileum

기니 픽 장관 평활근에서 Sodium Nitroprusside가 장력에 미치는 영향

  • Kwon, Seong-Chun (Department of Physiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Si-Yeon (Department of Physiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Ju (Department of Physiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine) ;
  • Kang, Bok-Soon (Department of Physiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine)
  • 권성춘 (연세대학교 의과대학 생리학교실) ;
  • 김시연 (연세대학교 의과대학 생리학교실) ;
  • 김은주 (연세대학교 의과대학 생리학교실) ;
  • 강복순 (연세대학교 의과대학 생리학교실)
  • Published : 1997.12.21

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) has been 3mown as a mediator of nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory neurotransmitter in intestinal smooth muscles. It has been suggested that NO donor such as sodium nitroprusside (SNP) produces relaxation of smooth muscle via activation of guanylate cyclase and elevation of cGMP levels. We have therefore investigated the effects of NO, using SNP, on muscle tension in the longitudinal smooth muscle of guinea-pig ileum. The possible role of cGMP was also investigated as well as the involvement of $K^+$ channel on SNP-induced inhibitory effect. The results are summarized as follows; high KCI-or CCh-activated contractions were inhibited by SNP in a concentration-dependent manner. 8-Br-cGMP also showed a similar effect in that of SNP TEA (1 mM) significantly reduced the SNP-induced inhibitory effect. SNP-induced effect was forther reduced by the presence of 10 mM TEA. On the other hand, 4-AP (0.1 mM), glibenclamide $(10\;{\mu}M)$ and apinain $(0.1\;{\mu}M)$ showed little effects on SNP-induced relaxation. Zaprinast significantly potentiated the SNP-induced inhibitory effect in all ranges. ODQ also significantly decreased the SNP-induced inhibitory effect. Pretreatment with CPA $(10\;{\mu}M)$ slightly reduced the SNP-induced inhibitory effect. From the above results, both effect mediated by NO and cGMP might be responsible for the activation of $Ca^{2+}$-activated $K^+$ channel by SNP in guinea-rig ileum. And this $K^+$ channel activation by SNP also contributes to the SNP-induced membrane hyperpolarization and relaxation.