Altered Vascular Calcium Regulation in Hypertension

  • Kim, Won-Jae (Department of Physiology, Chonnam University Medical School) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Un (Department of Physiology, Chonnam University Medical School) ;
  • Park, Yong-Hyun (Department of Physiology, Chonnam University Medical School) ;
  • Nam, Sang-Chae (Department of Physiology, Chonnam University Medical School)
  • Published : 1997.10.21

Abstract

The present study was aimed at investigating whether the vascular calcium regulation is altered in hypertension. Two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension were made in rats, and their thoracic aortae were taken 4 weeks later. The isometric contractile response and calcium uptake of the endothelium-denuded aortic preparations were determined. Caffeine ($0.1{\sim}35\;mmol/L$) induced a greater contraction in 2K1C and DOCA-salt hypertension than in normotensive control. When the vascular calcium store was functionally-depleted by a repeated exposure to caffeine, it took longer to reload the store and to resume the initial contraction force in response to caffeine in both 2K1C and DOCA-salt hypertension. The vascular $^{45}Ca$ uptake following the functional depletion of the cellular store was also greater in both models of hypertension than in control. Ryanodine, calcium channel activator of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, attenuated the restoration of caffeine-induced vascular contraction, which was not affected by either 2K1C or DOCA-salt hypertension. Nifedipine, an L-type $Ca^{2+}$ channel blocker, attenuated the restoration of caffeine-induced contraction, which was not affected by DOCA-salt hypertension, but was more pronounced in 2K1C hypertension. Nifedipine also diminished the vascular $^{45}Ca$ uptake, which was not affected by DOCA-salt hypertension, but was more pronounced in 2K1C hypertension. Ouabain, a $Na^+,\;K^+-ATPase$ inhibitor, increased the caffeine-induced contraction by a similar magnitude in control and 2K1C hypertension, which was, however, markedly attenuated in DOCA-salt hypertension. Ouabain enhanced the vascular $^{45}Ca$ uptake, the degree of which was not affected by 2K1C hypertension, but was markedly attenuated in DOCA-salt hypertension compared with that in control. Cyclopiazonic acid, a selective inhibitor of $Ca^{2+}-ATPase$ of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, attenuated the restoration of caffeine-induced contraction, which was not affected by 2K1C hypertension, but was more marked in DOCA-salt hypertension. These results suggest that the increased vascular calcium storage may be attributed to an enhanced calcium influx in 2K1C hypertension, and to an impaired $Na^+-K^+$ pump activity of the cell membrane and subsequently increased calcium pump activity of the cellular store in DOCA-salt hypertension.