Comparison of Mutant Frequencies Induced by ${\gamma}$-radiation and Pentachlorophenol at hprt Locus in Human T-lymphocytes(I)

인체 T-림프구 hprt 유전자에서 방사선 및 pentachlorophenol에 의한 돌연변이 빈도의 비교(I)

  • Published : 1997.03.30

Abstract

In vitro somatic mutation induced by ${\gamma}$-radiation and pentachlorophenol(PCP) which is representative of chemical pollutant was measured at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase(hprt) locus in human T- lymphocytes by a cell cloning assay. Mutant cells were selected by their ability to form a clone in the presence of purine analogue 6-thioguanine. The mutant frequencies by ${\gamma}$-irradiation to a dose of 1.0 Gy, 2.0 Gy and 3.0 Gy were 40%, 400% and 750% higher than those in controls. Significant changes were not observed in mutant frequencies in the 0.2 Gy and 0.5 Gy irradiated groups. When the doses of PCP were 15 ppm, 25 ppm and 50 ppm, the mutant frequencies increased by 30%, 90% and 520%, respectively. No changes were observed in the 10 ppm treated group. Similar types of dose-response relationship were shown in the two different mutagens. Reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction technique(RT/PCR) was needed for the mutation spectrum to discriminate combined exposure to radiation and chemicals.