A Correlation between the Fractionation of Heavy Metals in the Paddy Soil of the Mangyeong River Basin and their Uptake by Rice Plants Grown on it

만경강 유역 논 토양 중 중금속 형태분류와 수도체의 흡수량과의 관계

  • Kim, Seong-Jo (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Baek, Seung-Hwa (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Moon, Kwang-Hyun (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University)
  • 김성조 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학) ;
  • 백승화 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학) ;
  • 문광현 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학)
  • Published : 1996.09.30

Abstract

In order to elucidate the relationship between the mobility of heavy metals in soil and their uptake by plants, the soil samples collected from the Mangyeong River area were analyzed for the contents and existing forms of the heavy metals and the correlation between the contents of heavy metals in the soil and those in various parts of rice plants therefrom. The soil samples were collectes from ten sites in the paddy fields in 1982 and 1990, respectively, and the analysis on heavy metals including Cd, Zn, Cu and Pb was performed. The results are as follows: Total contents of heavy metals in the samples of 1990 were higher than those of 1982. The extent of increase was that Cd, Zn, Cu and Pb were 3, 29, 59 and 8% in top soil and 8, 50, 91 and 8% in sub-soil, respectively. The order of increasing ratio was Cu > Zn > Pb > Cd and the variation of Cd content by sequentially different extraction was organically bound > dilute acid-extractable=Fe-Mn oxide bound > exchangeable > residual fractions and the content of Cd with organically bound was $46.62{\sim}48.08$ and $41.18{\sim}50.18%$ of total Cd in top and sub-soil, respectively. The ratios of immobile heavy metals, Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn, bound within an oxide or silicate matrix of Fe-Mn oxide in top-soil were 21.25, 35.98, 74.18 and 82.12%, respectively, and consequently their mobile ratios of exchangeable, dilute acid-extractable and organically bound were more than 17.88%. Those of mobile Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn were 78.25, 64.02, 25.82 and 17.88%, respectively. Except for Pb a correlation between the contents of Cd, Zn, and Cu of exchangeable and dilute acid-extractable in top-soil and those in leaf blade, stem and panicle axis was significant, but was not significant in sub-soil.

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