Study on Low Temperature Tolerant Methane-Producing Bacteria for the Treatment of Agricultural and Livestock Wastes;III. Isolation of Low Temperature Tolerant Methanogens

농축산(農畜産) 폐기물(廢棄物) 처리(處理)를 위(爲)한 저온내성(低溫耐性) 메탄 생성균(生成菌)의 특성(特性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究);III. 저온내성(低溫耐性) Methanogens의 분리(分離)

  • Kim, Kwang-Yong (Agricultural Science & Technology Institute, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Jai-Joung (College of Agriculture, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Daniels, Lacy (Department of Microbiology University of Iowa)
  • 정광용 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원) ;
  • 김재정 (충북대학교 농과대학) ;
  • Published : 1996.09.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the biochemical properties of isolated bacteria, low temperature tolerant methanogens which were selected for use as inoculum for anaerobic fermentation of agricultural and livestock wasted at low temperature. The results, obtained were summarized as follows: Low temperature tolerant methanogens were isolated from the samples which showed the high methanogenesis rate by enrichment culture at low temperature in methanol medium. These methanogens, Methanobacterium M-251 and Methanobacterium M-253 were isolated from swampy sediment at latitude $56.9^{\circ}$, Methanosarcina mazei M-372 from lake sediment IV at latitude $55.0^{\circ}$ N, and Methanobacterium formicicum M-375 from tidal land soil at latitude $37.0^{\circ}N$, respectively. The isolated anaerobic bacteria could not use sugars as carbon sources. The optimum pH value for the growth of M-251 and M-375 was 6.8, but those for M-253 and M-372 6.5 and 7.0, respectively. The minimum growth temperature of isolated, M-251 and M-253 were $8^{\circ}C$ and the optimum temperature $30^{\circ}C$, while the minimum of M-392 and M-395 were $13^{\circ}C$ and the optimum $37^{\circ}C$. The growth rate of isolates at $17.5^{\circ}C$ were lower by 32-50% than that of $30^{\circ}C$. The isolated Methanobacterium strains such as M-251, M-253, and M-375 have lower cell yield, 0.38-1.21g/1M $CH_4$ than 1.14-1.51g/1M $CH_4$ of Methanosarcina mazei M-372.

Keywords