호남지역의 시설원예재배지 지하수중 화학성분 변동요인 조사

• Published : 1996.09.30
• 340 10

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate factors influencing on the groundwater quality at controlled horticulture in Honam area in 1995. The deeper groundwater sampling, the lower concentrations of $NH_4-N$ and $NO_3-N$ were observed. There was no difference in concentrations of $SO_4\;^{2-}$ and $Na^+$ in the groundwater below 15m. Contents of $NH_4-N$, $NO_3-N$ and $PO_4\;^{3-}$ in groundwater were the highest at rice transplanting season(the late May) and that of $SO_4\;^{2-}$, $Na^+$ and $Cl^-$ were the highest at dry season(the mid-February). Continuous cultivation of horticultural crops showed higher concentration of $NH_4-N$, $NO_3-N$, $PO_4\;^{3-}$, $Na^+$ and $Cl^-$ in groundwater than rotational culture with rice. The longer cultivation years with horticultural crops, the higher concentrations of $NO_3-N$, $PO_4\;^{3-}$, $SO_4\;^{2-}$ and $Cl^-$ were shown, and constitutional ratio of $NO_3-N$ among the anions increased gradually. Nitrate-N level, exceeded 20mg/l, the critical level for agricultural usage, frequently at Yongjinmyeon Wanju and Janglockdong Kwangju, and $PO_4\;^{3-}$ levels were higher at Seogtandong Iksan than the other places.