Changes of Chemical Contents in Groundwater at Controlled Horticulture in Honam Area

호남지역의 시설원예재배지 지하수중 화학성분 변동요인 조사

  • Published : 1996.09.30


This study was carried out to investigate factors influencing on the groundwater quality at controlled horticulture in Honam area in 1995. The deeper groundwater sampling, the lower concentrations of $NH_4-N$ and $NO_3-N$ were observed. There was no difference in concentrations of $SO_4\;^{2-}$ and $Na^+$ in the groundwater below 15m. Contents of $NH_4-N$, $NO_3-N$ and $PO_4\;^{3-}$ in groundwater were the highest at rice transplanting season(the late May) and that of $SO_4\;^{2-}$, $Na^+$ and $Cl^-$ were the highest at dry season(the mid-February). Continuous cultivation of horticultural crops showed higher concentration of $NH_4-N$, $NO_3-N$, $PO_4\;^{3-}$, $Na^+$ and $Cl^-$ in groundwater than rotational culture with rice. The longer cultivation years with horticultural crops, the higher concentrations of $NO_3-N$, $PO_4\;^{3-}$, $SO_4\;^{2-}$ and $Cl^-$ were shown, and constitutional ratio of $NO_3-N$ among the anions increased gradually. Nitrate-N level, exceeded 20mg/l, the critical level for agricultural usage, frequently at Yongjinmyeon Wanju and Janglockdong Kwangju, and $PO_4\;^{3-}$ levels were higher at Seogtandong Iksan than the other places.