Characteristics of Lead Accumulation in Lead-Tolerant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

납 내성균의 균체내 납 축적 특성

  • Cho, Ju-Sik (Central Laboratory, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Hong-Jae (Dept. of Agricultural Chemistry, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Heo, Jong-Soo (Dept. of Agricultural Chemistry, Gyeongsang National University)
  • Published : 1996.09.30

Abstract

This study was performed to develop the biological treatment technology of wastewater polluted with heavy metals. The lead-tolerant microorganism, Pseudomonas aeruginosa which possessed the ability to accumulate lead, was isolated from the industrial wastewater polluted with various heavy metals. The characteristics of lead accumulation in the cells and the recovery of the lead there from were investigated. Removal rate of lead from the solution containing 100mg/l of lead by the lead-tolerant microorganism was more than 97% at 48 hours after inoculation with the microorganism. A large number of the electron-dense granules were found mainly on the cell wall and cell membrane fractions, when determined by transmission electron microscopy. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that the electron-dense granules were lead complex with the substances binding heavy metals. The lead accumulated into cells was not desorbed by distilled water, but more than 87% of the lead accumulated was desorbed by 0.1M-EDTA. The residues of the cells after combustion at $550^{\circ}C$ amounted to about 30% of the dry weight of the cells. EDS analysis showed that the residues were relatively pure lead compounds containing more than 86% of lead.

Keywords