Uptake and Accumulation of Soil Strontium-90 by Peanut and Sesame

토양 strontium-90의 땅콩과 참깨에 의한 흡수 및 축적

  • Choi, Yong-Ho (Environmental Impact Assessment, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Jo, Jae-Seong (Dept. of Agronomy, Chungnam Nat'l University)
  • 최용호 (한국원자력연구소 환경영향평가분야) ;
  • 조재성 (충남대학교 농학과)
  • Published : 1996.03.31


A greenhouse experiment on the Sr-90 uptake by peanut and sesame was conducted through pot cultures on a sandy loam soil of pH 6.35 treated with Sr-90 in 5.2 and 31.2Bq per gram. The rate of Sr-90 transfer from soil to each plant part, the ratio of Sr-90 concentration in the part to the concentration in soil, and the patterns of their temporal changes were not, on the whole, significantly different between the two treatments. About 0.7 and 0.5 % of Sr-90 in soil transferred to all the mature plants of peanut and sesame, respectively, with the radioactivities in their roots not counted. Only 4% and less than 15% of Sr-90 absorbed by peanut and sesame, respectively, translocated to their seeds. Both crops showed the highest Sr-90 concentration in the leaf and the lowest in the seed. At maturities, the concentration ratio in dry seed was 0.4 in peanut and 3.3 in sesame and that in dry leaf was 12.5 and 10.7, respectively. Sr-90 concentrations in the top 15 cm soil after harvests averaged about 80 % of the concentrations at starting. Sr-90 uptake resulted in neither growth inhibition nor yield decrease.