Fractionation of Heavy Metals and Correlation with Their Contents in Rice Plant Grown in Paddy near Smelter Area

제련소 인근 논 토양 중 중금속 형태 분류 및 수도체중 중금속 함량과의 상관성

  • Kim, Seong-Jo (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Baek, Seung-Hwa (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Moon, Kwang-Hyun (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University)
  • 김성조 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학) ;
  • 백승화 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학) ;
  • 문광현 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학)
  • Published : 1996.03.31

Abstract

The contents of heavy metals in soil near the Janghang smelter area were observed to understand present status and relationship between their fraction and the absorption by rice. The soil samples were taken from the eight sites of the paddy fields in 1982 and 1990, and analysis on heavy metals including Cd, Zn, Cu and Pb was performed. The results were as follows: Total contents of heavy metals in the samples of 1990 were higher than those of 1982. The order of increasing ratio was Cu > Zn > Pb > Cd and the variation of Cd content by sequential differente extracting was residual > exchangeable > dilute acid-extractable fractions and its increasing range was from 38 to 71% during nine years. The ratio of immobile heavy metals bound within an oxide or silicate matrix of Fe-Mn oxide bound and residual in surface soil was that Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn were 31.65, 42.22, 76.57 and 79.49%, respectively, and their mobile ratios of exchangeable, dilute acid-extractable and organically bound were more than 20.28%. Those of mobile Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn were 68.35, 55.78, 23.43 and 20.28%, respectively. Correlation between the heavy metal contents in surface soil and those in tissue of rice plant, such as leaf blade, leaf sheath, stem and panicle axis, were significant, but were not significant in subsurface soil. The dilute acid-extractable and organically bound fractions of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in surface soil were more significantly correlated with those in tissues of paddy rice.

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