A Study on the Reaction Rates of Maillard Browning Reaction of Dipeptides with Xylose

Dipeptide류와 당에 의한 Maillard 갈색화반응의 반응속도에 관한 연구

  • 김희주 (성신여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 안명수 (성신여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1996.02.01


The study was carried out to compare the reaction rate of Maillard browning reaction of 2 dipeptides (Leucylglycine, Tryptophylglycine) and 4 amino acids (Lysine, Glycine, Leucine, Tryptophan) with xylose heated for 0∼24 hours at 60∼100$^{\circ}C$. 1. The color intensity of the browning mixture heated at 100$^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours was the highest in tryptophanxylose, and in order to tryptophylglycine-xylose > lysine-xylose > leucylglycine-ylose > leucine-xylose > glycine-xylose. 2. The reaction rate constants (k) determined from the browning pigment concentrate with time were similar to the result of the color intensity, that is, the k were the highest in the tryptophan-xylose. 3. The residual amounts of dipeptides, amino acids and xylose in the browning mixture diminished as the browning temperature increase. 4. The activation energies (Ea) calculated from k were the highest in leucine-xylose (143.72 J/mol) and the lowest in tryptophan-xylose (117.45 J/mol). The range of Q$\sub$10/ values were 2.84∼3.58.