Ultrastructure of spermatozoa in Urodela and Primitve Anura(Amphilbia) with Phylogenetic Considerations

유미류와 하등 무미류 정충의 미세구조 비교와 계통적 고찰

  • 이영환 (대구대학교 생물교육과) ;
  • 권애숙 (대구대학교 생물교육과)
  • Published : 1996.09.01


The ultrastructure of spermatozoa in urodeles and primitive anurans was examined and compared. The spermatozoa of urodeles are characterized by seven plesiomorphies in subacrosomal cone, endounclear canal. perforatorium, ring, marginal filament, undulating membrane and tail axis. Most primitive anuran spermatozoa have no marginal filament, subacrosomal cone and ring structure with the exception of having the subacrosomal cone in Ascaphus and the ring in Discohlossus as compared with those of urodeles. Persistence of the subacrosomal cone and the ring structure is typical in most urodeles and is further linked with the primitive anurans. Therefore, these characters are regarded as symplesiomorphies in urodeles and primitive anurans. The organization of sperm tail, endounclear canal and perforatorium indicates a close phylogenetic relationship between urodeles and the primitives anurans.


  1. J. Submicrosc. Cytol. v.3 The spermatozoon of nemertine Malacobdella grossa. Afzelius, B. A.
  2. Anat. Rec. v.220 Nuclear shaping in spermatids of the Thal leaf frog Megophrus montana. Asa, C. S.;D. M. Phillips
  3. J. Reprod. Fertil. v.7 Spermatozoa of Pseudobranchus striatus. Austin, C. R.;C. L. Baker
  4. The spermatozoon The evolution of the acrosomal complex. Baccetti, B.;D. W. Fawcett(ed.);J. M. Bedford(ed.)
  5. J. Tennessee. Acad. Sci. v.37 Spermatozoa of Amphiumae: spermateleosis, helical motility and reversibility Baker, C. L.
  6. J. Tennessee. Acad. Sci. v.38 Spermatozoa and spermateleosis in Cryptobranchus and Necturus. Baker, C. L.
  7. J. Morphol. v.207 Spermiogenesis in Odontophrynus cultripes cultripes (Amphibia, Anura, Leptodactylidae): Ultrastructural and cytochemical studies of proteins using E-PTA. Bao. S. N.;G. C. Dalton;S. F. de Oliveira
  8. Comparative spermatology Urodele spermateleosis: a comparative electron microscope study. Baker, K. R.;C. L. Baker;B. Baccetti(ed.)
  9. La Cellue Spermateleosis of a salamander Amphiuma tridactylum Curier. Baker, K. R.;J. J.Biesele
  10. J. Ultrastruct. Mol. Struct. Res. v.94 The ultrastructure of Xenopus spermatozoon. Bernardini, G. R.;Stipani;G. Melone
  11. J. Biophysic. Biochem. Cytol. v.2 An electron microscope study of spermatid differentiation in the toad, Bufo arenarum Hensel. Burgos, M. H.;D. M. Fawcett
  12. Biology of Amphibians Duellman. W. E.;L. Trueb
  13. Comparative spermatology Phylogenetic aspects of the morphology of spermatozoa and spermiogenesis. Franzen, A.;B. Baccetti(ed.)
  14. Monit. Zool. Ital. v.9 The peculiar morphology of the spermatozoon of Bombina variegata (L.) Furieri, P.
  15. Mol. Biol. Evol. v.7 Tetrapod phylogeny inferred from 18S and 28S ribosomal RNA sequences and a review of the evidence for amniote relationships. Hedges, S. B.;K. D. Moberg;L. R. Maxson
  16. Amphibian cytogenetics and evolution The phylogeny of amphibians: Current knowledge and the role of cytogenetics Hillis, D. M.;M. Green(ed.);S. Sessions(ed.)
  17. Evolution v.21 The development of a phylogeny of frogs. Inger, R. G. F.
  18. The ultrastructure and phylogeny of insect spermatozoa. Jamieson, B. G. M.
  19. Biol. Rev. v.64 The spermatozoa of the Polychaeta (Annelida): An ultrastructural review. Jamieson, B. G. M.;G. W. Rous
  20. Fish evolution and systematics: evidence from spermatozoa Jamieson, B. G. M.;B. G. M. Jamieson(ed.)
  21. Herpetologica v.1 Ultrastructure of the spermatozoon of the internally fertilizing frog Ascaphus truei (Ascaphidae, Anura, amphibia) with phylogenetic consideration. Jamieson, B. G. M.;M. S. Y. Lee;K. Long
  22. Korean J. Electron Microscopy v.25 Ultrastructure of spermatozoa in urodeles, Hynobius leechii (Amphibia: Urodela) Kim. K. H.;W. H. Park;Y. H. Lee
  23. Nature and Life v.22 no.1 The fine structure of spermatozoa in Bombina orientalis (Anura, Amphibia). Kwon, A. S.;Y. H. Lee
  24. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. v.166 Comparative spermatology of anurans with special references to phylogeny. In: Advances in spermatozoal phylogeny and taxonomy Kwon, A. S.;Y. H. Lee;B. G. M. Jamieson(ed.);J. Ausio(ed.);J.-L. Justine(ed.)
  25. Mol. Bio. Evol. v.6 Patterns of ribosomal RNA evolution in salamanders Larson, A.;A. C. Wilson
  26. Acta Zool. v.73 The untrastructure of the spermatozoa of three species of Myobatrachid frog (Anura, Amphibia) with phylogenetic consideration. Lee, M. S. Y.;B. G. M. Jamieson
  27. Zool. Sci. v.9 Ultrastructure of the spermatozoa and spermatogenesis in Nepomorpha (Insecta: Heteroptera) with special reference to phylogeny. Lee. Y. H.;C. E. Lee.
  28. J. Microsc. v.9 Development of the ring during spermiogenesis of a salamander Lommen, M. A. J.
  29. Biol. Cell. v.63 The flagellar apparatus of spermatozoa in fish. Ultrastructure and evolution Mattei, X.
  30. Cytotaxonomy and vertebrate evolution Amphibia Morescalchi, A.;A. A. Chiarelli(ed.);E. Capana(ed.)
  31. Arch Biol. v.78 Structure et organisation du spermatozoide de Pleurodeles waltlii Michah. (Amphibien, Urodele). Picheral, B.
  32. J. Microsc. v.12 Ultrastructure du noyau en rapport avec l'evolution des proteines basiques nucleaires au cours de la spermiogenese du triton Pleurodeles waltlii Michah Picheral, B.
  33. Z. Zelforsch. v.13 Les elements cytoplasmiques au cours de la Spermiogenese du triton Pleurodeles waltlii Michah. I. la genese de l'acrosome. Picheral, B.
  34. The spermatozoon Structural, comparative, and functional aspects of spermatozoa in urodeles. Picheral, B.;D. W. Fawcett(ed.);J. M. Bedford(ed.)
  35. J. Ultrastruct. Res. v.41 Fine structure of spermatogenesis in the South African clawed toad Xenopus laevis Daudin. Reed, S. C.;H. P. Stanley
  36. J. Microsc. v.17 Participation du reticulum endoplasmique a 1'elaboration de 1'anneau dans les spermatides du discoglosse (amphibie, Anoure). Sandoz, D.
  37. The functional anatomy of the spermatozoon Development of the neck region and the ring during spermiogenesis of Discoglossus pictus(Anura, Amphibia) Sandoz, D.;B. A. Afzelius(ed.)
  38. J. Morph. v.217 Spermatothecal cytology of Ambystoma opacum (Amphibia: Ambystomatidae and the phylogeny of sperm storage organs in female salamander Sever, D. M.;N. M. Kloepfer
  39. Controversial views on the origin of the higher groups of tetrapods A phylogenetic investigation of the inter- and intrarelationships of the Lissamphibia (Amphibia: Temnospondyli). Turb, L.;R. Cloutier;H. P. Schultze(ed.);L. Trueb(ed.)
  40. Comparative spermatology On the development and structure of the neck in urodele sperm Werner, G.;B. Baccetti(ed.)