Cadmium Adsorption and Exchangeable Cations Desorption in Soils: Effects of pH and Organic Matter Content

토양에서 카드뮴의 흡착과 치환성양이온의 탈착 : pH와 유기물함량의 영향

  • 박병윤 (대구효성가톨릭대학교 환경보건학과) ;
  • 신현무 (경성대학교 환경공학과)
  • Published : 1996.04.01

Abstract

In order to investigate the effects of pH and organic matter content on cadmium adsorption and exchangeable cations desorption in soils, the adsorption isotherms of cadmium and the desorption isotherms of calcium and magnesium on four New jersey soils at four pH values were plotted, and the cadmium partition coefficients (Kd) were also calculated. The slopes of cadmium adsorption isotherms dramatically increased with increasing solution pH. Judging from Langmuir adsorption equations, the maximum adsorption quantities(b) of cadmium at high pH values were much greater than those at low pH values for the same soil. The partition coefficients increased greatly with increasing solution pH. The slopes of regression equations between partition coefficients and pH values were steep in the order of the organic matter content of the soils. The correlation coefficients (r2) between partition coefficient and organic matter content for soils. The correlation coefficients (r2) between partition coefficient and organic matter content for $1\times10^{-4}$M increased from 0.3027 at pH 4.0 to 0.9964 at pH 8.5 and from 0.2093 at pH4.0 at 0.9657 at pH 8.5 for$2\times10^{-4}$M ${Cd(NO_3)}_2$. The desorption quantities of calcium and magnesium decreased with increasing solution pH and increased with- increasing cadmium adsorption.

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