A Study on the Effects of Decision Making by Data Communication

정보통신이 의사결정에 미치는 효과에 관한 연구

  • 이종호
  • Published : 1996.12.01


1. Introduction The new computing era started with the various computer technologies and services having been used in communication and automation area since 1980's. We call that era information technology(IT) era. In such era, especially communication plays very important roles in every aspect. So Schoderbek named that era the ege of c2. Therefore, communition became widely used in organizations. Now the majority of organizations have computer-aided communication capabilities that facilitate access to people and information, both within and outside organization. So one objective of this study is to assess the effects of these changes in data communication on decision making. Decision making is the essence of management and is too important to organizational success. This dissertation has three basic objectives: 1)to clarify the concept of data communication, who influences on decision making, and the concept of decision types, managerial and operational, may be affected differently by data communication 2)to investigate whether the effects of data communication upon decision making may be organizational variables. 3)to verify that business and decision types may affect different impact on decision making.2. Hypotheses Four attributes are selected to make hypotheses from the information attributes presented by famous scholars. They are as follows. ①effectiveness ②routinization ③communication easiness ④timeliness Hypotheses are developed according to these attributes, which are chosen from the literature study and theory H1 : Data communication is positively related to the effectiveness of DM H2 : Data communication is positively related to the routinization of DM H3 : Data communication is positively related to the communication easiness of DM H4 : Data communication is positively related to the timeliness of information for DM3. Methodology After pilot study, data are collected from the decision makers in 200 companies located at Seoul and the metropolitan area. A random sample of 174 employees sent back their questionnaires(response rate of 87%). Among them, 151 questionnaires was useful to the analysis of this study(useful rate of 75.5%).4. Conclusion and Discussion Among four proposed hypotheses, all hypotheses are fully supported. They are as follows. 1)effectiveness 2)routinization 3)communication easiness 4)timeliness. So, first objective of this study is proved. Namely, to clarify that the effects of data communication upon DM is fully supported. But they are different from the decision types. Second one is not apparently verfied. i.e. the effect of data communication on the decision variables is not moderated by organizational variables. Third is inspected. The effects of data communication differs from the industry and decision types evidently. This study has many limitations to generalize the statistical results. Since the definition of data communication has broad meanings in reality. So allare not contained in this research. Another restrict in this study is like this. Decision types are usually divided into three types-operational, managerial, strategic DM. But in this study, strategic DM is left out.