Effects of Sublethal Doses of Insecticides on the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens St l (Homoptera : Delphacidae) and Mirid predator, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Reuter (Hemiptera : Miridae

수도용 살충제의 아치사량이 벼멸구 (Nilaparvata lugens Stal)와 등검은황록장님노린재(Cyrtorhinus livikipennis Reuter)의 생물학적 특성에 미치는 영향

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  • K. L. Heong ;
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  • 최병렬 (농촌진홍천 농업과학기술원 작물보호부 곤충과) ;
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  • 이정운 (농촌진흥천 농업과학기술원 작물보호부 곤충과) ;
  • 유재기 (농촌진흥천 농업과학기술원 작물보호부 곤충과) ;
  • 박정규 (농촌진흥천 농업과학기술원 작물보호부 곤충과)
  • Published : 1996.03.01

Abstract

This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of sublethal doses of BPMC, etofenprox,and buprofezin on N. lugens. and its predator C. lividipennis. Buprofezin was found to be the most toxic to N. lugens and the most safe to C. lividipennis among the three insecticides, based on LD50 values. Selective toxicity index calculated by dividing LDSo value of C. lividipennis by that of N. lugens indicated that buprofezin was very safe to C. lividipennis, showing selective toxicity of 2703.3. Longevity and fecundity of N. lugens treated with LDIU and LDm of buprofezin and BPMC were not significantly different with those of untreated brown planthoppers. However, egg hatchability' of N. lugens was greatly reduced when treated with LDm of buprofezin, having the highest inhibition rate of 17.7%. Hatchability of eggs from insects treated with BPMC was similar to that of control. The oviposited peak of treated hoppers appeared late as compared to the untreated which showed the peak at early part of the ovipositional period. The longevity and fecundity of C. lividipennis treated with BPMC were significantly reduced as compared with the untreated. Etofenprox also induced fecundity reduction when treated with LDlo, and LDm. However, C. lividipennis treated with sublethal doses of buprofezin showed no redution in logevity and fecundity. From these results, it may be said that buprofezin can be used to control brown planthopper without disrupting of C. lividipennis population in the rice field.