Environmental Factors and Catch Fluctuation of Set Net Grounds in the Coastal Waters of Yosu - 4 . Water Temperature and Salinity and Fluctuation of Catch -

여수연안 정치망어장의 환경요인과 어황변동에 관한 연구 - 4 . 수온 염분과 어획량 변동 -

  • Published : 1996.06.01


In order to investigate the relation between the environmental properties and the catch fluctuation of set net fishing grounds located in the coastal waters of Yosu, oceanographic observations on the fishing grounds were carried out by the training ship ofYosu Fisheries University from January, 1990 to September, 1992, and the data obtained were compared with the catch data from the joint market ofYosu fisheries cooperative society from 1984 to 1993. The resuItes obtained are summerized as follows : 1. The ranges of water temperature and salinity in the fishing ground was 7.0 to $27^{\circ}C.$and 26.6 to 33.2${\textperthousand}$, and water temperature increased from March to August and decreased from September to February of following year. 2. The salinity in the fishing grounds was relatively high without significant changes from November to June of the following year. From July, however, the salinity decreased to continue a low value till September and then increased. The salinity in the fishing ground was dominated mainly by the precipitation and its variation was large at the north entrance of set net fishing ground, influenced greatly by the land waters from the river of Somjin, but small in the offshore of the fishing grounds. 3. The fishes caught by the set nets were arranged in order of catch as follows; Spanish mackerel> Horse mackerel > Sardine > Anchovy > Hair tail. The catches of Anchovy and Sardine were high in April to May and those of Hair tail in June to July, but Spanish mackerel and Horse mackerel were caught for whole period of fishing. Spanish mackerel was caught most in September and least in April and their means were largest in August and smallest in June. 4. The ranges of optimum water temperature for fishing by the set nets was 13.5 to $25^{\circ}C.$, and in the ranges the catches increased with increasing temperature. The ranges of optimum salinity for fishing varied between 25.0 and 32.0${\textperthousand}$.