Karyological Variation of Callus-derived Regenerants in Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum

  • Seo, Bong-Bo (Department of Biology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Seon-Hee (Department of Biology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Park, Jae-Hong (Department of Biology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kim, In-Sun (Department of Biology, Keimyung University) ;
  • Song, Seung-Dal (Department of Biology, Kyungpook National University)
  • Published : 1996.12.01

Abstract

The calli obtained from the bulbs of A. victorialis var. platyphyllum on MS based medium containing 2 mg/L 2, 4-D and 1mg/L BA. Plants from calli were regenerated on MS basal media supplemented with combinations of NAA and four kinds of cytokinin, BA, zeatin, kinetin and 2iP, and with only each cytokinin. The good response of shoot regeneration was observed in the media with combinations of NAA and BA or zeatin, and with only BA or zeatin. Shoot regenerating response in the medium with combinations of NAA and BA or zeatin, and with only BA or zeatin. Shoot regerating response in the medium with combinations of NAA and BA or zeatin was about two times higher than that in the mediuim with only BA or zeatin. From the karyotypic analysis of the regenerated plants, abnormal diploids, aneuploids and mixoploid with structural aberrations were investigated. The somaclonal variants (AV 16-04, AV 13-03) were shown the considerable differences from normal diploid regenerant (AV 18-03) in the external morphology.