Studies on Estimating Dry Deposition Velocities for Atmospheric Aerosol and Metal Elements in Korea

한국에서 분진 및 금속원소의 건식 침착속도 추정에 관한 연구

  • 김성천 (경희대학교 환경학과 대기오염 연구실) ;
  • 김동술 (경희대학교 환경학과 대기오염 연구실)
  • Published : 1996.03.01


Dry and wet deposition is an impertant removal mechanism of the amobient aerosol in the atmospheric environment. Since the deposition flut provides adverse impacts on various encironmental media including aquatic and ecological system as well as human health, it is essential to quantitatively estimate the removal fluxes of many air pollutants. Thus, the purposes of this experimental study are to investigate seasonal deposition flux variations of the total dustfall and various inorganic elements in the local ambient air and then to finally estimate their dry deposition velocities. To perform the study, the total of 90 dustfall samples were collected from January, 1994 thru February, 1995 in 5 different cities of Korea including Seoul, Suwon, Daejon, Kwangju, and Kangrung. Each sample was analyzed by an AAS and an ICP to determine the quantities of the 11 inorganic elements, such as Zn, Cd, Cr, K, Na, Pb, Ca, Fe, Mn, Mi, and Cu. As results, deposition fluxes, soluble/insoluble fractions, and deposition velocities for each element were extensively investigated. The resulting dry deposition velocities of some elements in Suwon were estimated by ranges of 0.57 .sim. 0.87 cm/sec for Zn, 0.35 .sim. 0.45 cm/sec for Pb, 1.25 .sim. 3.52 cm/sec for Ca, 0.21 .sim. 0.48 cm/sec for Fe, 0.95 .sim. 9.31 cm/sec for Mn, and 2.08 cm/sec for Cu.



  1. appendix to the Great Lakes science advisory board's 1980 annual report Eisenreich,S.J.;B.B.Loony;J.D.Thornton
  2. Atmospheric Environment v.25A no.10 Application of a directional dust gauge to measurement of impaction of atmospheric salt Galbraith,J.H.;F.J.Hingston
  3. Atmospheric Environment v.14 Atmospheric sulfur budget for eastern north America Galloway,J.N.;D.N.Whelpdale
  4. U.S. EPA Report EPA-600/9-80-050(NTIS PB81-126443) Critique of methods to measure dry deposition; Workshop Summary Hicks,B.B.;M.L.Wesley;J.L.Durham
  5. Atmospheric Environment v.18 Concentration and dry deposition of atmospheric sulfur and nitrogen compounds in Hungary Meazaros,E.;L.Horvath
  6. Acid deposition in the United Kingdom Warren Spring Laboratory
  7. Am. Miner v.74 Chemical and mineralogical effects of acid deposition on marble and Salem limestone test samples placed at four NAPAP weather-monitoring sites Ross,M.;E.S.MacGee
  8. Atmospheric Environment v.13 Estimated dry deposition velocities of sulfur over the eastern united states and surrounding regions Sheih,C.M.;M.Wesley;B.B.Hicks
  9. Atmospheric Environment v.22 A wind tunnel study of the particle collection efficiency of an inverted Frisbee used as a dust deposition gauge Hall,D.J.;S.L.Upton
  10. 氣象硏究저널 v.158 酸性雨-乾性沈着 大喜多敏一;北田敏廣
  11. Atmospheric Environment v.22 The dry deposition of small particles: a review of experimental measurement Nicholas,K.W.
  12. Atomospheric Environment v.24a no.10 Airborne trace metals in snow on the Japan sea side of Japan Ecker,F.F.;E.Hirai;T.Chohji
  13. Quartern. Res. v.36 Magentic susceptibility evidence of monsoon variation on the loess plateau of central China during the last 130,000 years An,Z.S.;G.Kukla;S.C.Proter;Y.L.Xiao
  14. 78th annual meeting of the APCA Dry deposition to snow in an urban area Dasch,J.M.;S.H.Dadle
  15. Standard Method, for the examination of water and wastewater(18th Ed.) preliminary treatment of samples, 3030E. Nitric acid digestion, 3~5
  16. Aerosol Sci. v.23 no.3 Assessment of the performance of a tunnel sampler and cascade impactor system for ambient air sampling Vawda,Y.;I.Colbeck;R.M.Harrison;K.W.Nicholson
  17. proc. 14th Int. Conf. on Precipitation Scavenging, Dry Deposition and Resuspension, Estimation of dry deposition velocities of sulfur over Canada and the United States east of the Rocky Mountains Masse,C.;E.Voldner
  18. BS 1747. Methods for the measurement of air pollution PartⅠ, Deposit Gauges BSI
  19. Measurment of particulate fallout by a horizontal deposit gauge, ISO/TC 146/ET4(Paris 75-2) 69E ISO
  20. Water, Air, and Soil pollution v.71 Organic compounds and heavy metals in the atmosphere of the City of Caracas. VenezuelaⅠ: Atmospheric Particles,Ⅱ: Atmospheric Deposition Jaffe,R.H.;C.A.Cabrera;J.Alvarado
  21. Atmospheric Environment v.22 no.7 Characterization of the deposition of Particles from the atmosphere to a flat plate Noll,K.E.;K.Y.P.Fang;A.W.Laura
  22. Atmospheric Environment v.27A no.5 Atmospheric dry deposition flux of metallic species to the North Sea Ottley,C.J.;R.M.Harrison
  23. Atmospheric Science and Power Production Shemel,G.A.;Randerson,D.(Ed.)
  24. Atmospheric Environment v.26A no.3 Trace elements in snow samples from the Scottish highlands: sources and dissolved/particulate distributions Jickells,T.D.;T.D.Davies;M.Tranter;S.Landberger;K.Jarviss;P.Abrahams
  25. Atmospheric Environment v.24A no.4 Atmospheric coarse particulate concentration and dry deposition fluxes for ten metals in two urban environments Noll,K.E.;K.Y.P.Fang
  26. Aerosol Science v.20 Dry deposition velocities as a function of partical size in ambient atmosphere Lin,J.J.;K.E.Noll;T.M.Holsen
  27. 한국환경년감 통계년보