A Study on the Ionic Components of Rain Water in Samchok-City Area

삼척지역 우수의 이온성분농도에 관한 연구

  • 이승일 (경주전문대학 환경공업과) ;
  • 김승호 (삼척산업대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 조기철 (건국대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 김희강 (건국대학교 환경공학과)
  • Published : 1996.03.01


In order to investigate the chemical components of acid precipitation at Samchok City in Korea, the rainwater was collected according to 3mm rainfall from september 1994 to december 1994. pH, electric conductivity were measured and ionic components were analyzed by Ion chromatography. As the analytical results, the average value were 6.27 for pH, 53.16 S/cm for E.C., the average concentration were 393.42 eq/1 for C $l^{[-10]}$ , 18.41 eq/1 for N $O_{3}$$^{[-10]}$ , 91.44 eq/1 for S $O_{4}$$^{2-}$, 335.92 eq/1 for N $a^{+}$, 65.66 eq/1 for N $H_{4}$$^{+}$, 18.22 eq/1 for $K^{+}$, 120.49 eq/1 for $Mg^{2+}$ and 147.04 eq/1 for $Ca^{2+}$. pH value correlated negatively with rainfall amount and the component of C $l^{[-10]}$ and N $a^{+}$ were transported to urban air by the seasalt. It showed that S $O_{4}$$^{2-}$ and N $O_{3}$$^{[-10]}$ had influence on acidity of precipitation, 73% and 27%, respectively, in this area. Ion Concentration of N $O_{3}$$^{[-10]}$ was higher than S $O_{4}$$^{2-}$ in the early rain, S $O_{4}$$^{2-}$ was higher than N $O_{3}$$^{[-10]}$ in the succeeding rain by multi-regration analysis. the percentages of removal by percipitation were higher in N $O_{3}$$^{[-10]}$ than in S $O_{4}$$^{2-}$./TEX> 2-/.



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