S-Thiolation and Oxidation of Glycogen Phosphorylase b and Peroxidation of Liposome Initiated by Free Radical Species

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Abstract

The relationship of S-thiolation and oxidation of glycogen phosphorylase b and peroxidation of phosphatidyl choline liposome by xanthine oxidase (XOD), 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) hydrochloride (AAPH), and 2,2'-azobis(dimethylvaleronitrile) (AMVN)-generated free radicals was investigated, Glycogen phosphorylase b was S-thiolated in the presence of glutathione and oxidized in the absence of it by XOD, AAPH and AMVN. In XOD-initiated reaction, the rates of S-thiolation and oxidation of phosphorylase were very similar and addition of liposome to the reaction mixture showed little inhibition of the modifications. In AAPH-initiated reaction, the rate of oxidation was higher than that of S-thiolation and addition of liposome increased oxidation of the protein but had no effect on S-thiolation. In AMVN-initiated reaction, S-thiolation was higher than oxidation and addition of liposome increased S-thiolation remarkably but showed no effect on oxidation. The effect of liposome on modifications of protein in AAPH and AMVN reaction seemed to be caused by certain reactive degradation products or intermediates of liposome by free radical attack. Peroxidation of liposome was not observed in XOD-initiated reaction. Liposome was gradually peroxidized by AAPH reaction. The peroxidation was inhibited by addition of GSH and phosphorylase. Peroxidation of liposome by AMVN was extreamly fast, and was not affected by GSH and phosphorylase.