Clinical Characteristics of Female Laryngeal Cancer

여성후두암의 임상적 특성

  • Kwon Soon-Young (Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University, College of Medicine) ;
  • Jung Kwang-Yoon (Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University, College of Medicine) ;
  • Choi Jong-Ouck (Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University, College of Medicine)
  • 권순영 (고려대학교 의과대학 이비인후-두경부외과학교실) ;
  • 정광윤 (고려대학교 의과대학 이비인후-두경부외과학교실) ;
  • 최종욱 (고려대학교 의과대학 이비인후-두경부외과학교실)
  • Published : 1995.11.01

Abstract

The laryngeal cancer is a cancer of secondary sex organ, such as malignant tumors of the mammary gland, endometrium, and prostate. The clinical characteristics of the female laryngeal cancers are considered somewhat to be different from that of male. As cancer of the larynx is principally a disease of men, many investigations have showed the characteristics of the male laryngeal cancers. For understanding the clinical characteristics of the female laryngeal cancers, we analyzed 21 cases of laryngeal cancer in women, diagnosed and treated in our institute during the last 10 years. The results were, 1) In female subjects, supraglottis was most common subsite of laryngeal cancer(85.7%). 2) On histopathologic grade, the moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma was the most common (80.9%). 3) The positive neck nodes were 19 %, considered to be lower than that of total laryngeal cancer. 4) The treatment results, the 2 year disease free rate and 5 year survival rate were 88.9%, 83.3%, respectively. These results suggest, therefore, female laryngeal cancers are more likely to be supraglottic cancer than glottic cancer. In spite of high incidence of supraglottic cancer, the nodal metastases are rare, the prognosis appeared to be good.