The PVC Membrane Electrode for Measuring Hazardous Anion in Waste Water Process

폐수처리 공정중 유해음이온을 측정하기 위한 PVC 막 전극

  • 우인성 (시립인천대학교 산업안전공학과) ;
  • 안형환 (국립충주산업대학교 산업안전공학과)
  • Published : 1995.12.30


The perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate ion-selective PVC membrance electrode for measuring hazardous anion in waste water were developed by incorporating the quaternary ammonium salts as active material. Ion-selective characteristics in waste water were studied by the useful pH range, the selective coefficients to various interfering anions, and the stability of electrode potential. DBP was best as a plasticizer. The effect of the membrane thickness on the electrode characteristics was improved with decreasing the membrane thickness, but below the optimum membrane thickness the electrode exhibited an inverse trend. The electrode potential of perchlorate, thiocyanate, and nitrate electrode with TDDA, as active material, was stable within the pH range 4-11, 3-12, and 4-10 repectively. And the long-term potential stability of these electrodes were 3.0, 3.5, and 3.5 months respectively. The order of the selectivity coefficients was as shown below ; $ClO_4{^-}$ > $SCN^-$ > $I^-$ > $NO_3{^-}$ > $Br^-$ > $CN^-$ > $F^-$ > $Cl^-$ > $Ac^-$ > $H_2PO_4{^-}$, $SO_4{^-}$.