DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

GROWTH AND FODDER YIELD OF THE Gliricidia sepium PROVENANCES IN FENCE SYSTEM IN DRYLAND FARMING AREA IN BALI, INDONESIA

  • Sukanten, I.W. ;
  • Nitis, I.M. ;
  • Lana, K. ;
  • Uchida, S. ;
  • Suama, M.
  • Received : 1995.02.16
  • Accepted : 1995.05.26
  • Published : 1995.10.01

Abstract

The field experiment was carried out to study the growth and fodder yield of the Gliricidia sepium provenances in fence system in dryland farming area in Bali, Indonesia for 24 months. The design of the experiment was a completely randomized block arrangement, consisted of 16 treatments (Gliricidia sepium provenances) and 12 blocks with 10 plants per provenance. Of the 16 gliricidia provenances, six were from Mexico (M), four were from Guatemala (G), and one each was from Colombia (C), Indonesia (I), Nicaragna (N), Panama (P), Costa Rica (R) and Venezuela (V). After 40 weeks establishment the gliricidia were lopped regularly 4 times a year, twice during the four month wet season and twice during the eight month dry season at 150 cm height. There were variations (p < 0.05) in stem elongation from 10 to 121 cm, leaf retained from 48 to 105%, leaf shedding from 53 to 86%, branch number from 4 to 7, fodder yield from 281 to 648 g DW/plant, and wood yield from 53 to 179 g DW/plant; and such variations were affected by the seasons. Retalhuleu provenance of Guatemala (G14), Belen provenance of Nicaragua (N14) and Bukit Bali provenance of Indonesia (I) were ranked first, second and third, respectively, measured in terms of stem elongation, leaf retention, fodder and wood yields during the wet and dry seasons.

Keywords

Gliricidia Provenances;Seasonal Variation;Branch Distribution;Leaf Retention;Shoot Yield;Fodder Supply