Analysis of Manganese Nodule Abundance in KODOS Area

KODOS 지역의 망간단괴 부존률 분포해석

  • Jung, Moon Young (Department of Mineral and Energy Resources Engineering, Semyung University) ;
  • Kim, In Kee (Department of Mineral and Petroleum Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Sung, Won Mo (Department of Mineral and Petroleum Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kang, Jung Keuk (Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute)
  • 정문영 (세명대학교 자원공학과) ;
  • 김인기 (한양대학교 공과대학 자원공학과) ;
  • 성원모 (한양대학교 공과대학 자원공학과) ;
  • 강정극 (한국해양연구소 심해저탐사사업단)
  • Received : 1995.02.21
  • Published : 1995.06.30


The deep sea camera system could render it possible to obtain the detailed information of the nodule distribution, but difficult to estimate nodule abundance quantitatively. In order to estimate nodule abundance quantitatively from deep seabed photographs, the nodule abundance equation was derived from the box core data obtained in KODOS area(long.: $154^{\circ}{\sim}151^{\circ}W$, lat.: $9^{\circ}{\sim}12^{\circ}N$) during two survey cruises carried out in 1989 and 1990. The regression equation derived by considering extent of burial of nodule to Handa's equation compensates for the abundance error attributable to partial burial of some nodules by sediments. An average long axis and average extent of burial of nodules in photographed area are determined according to the surface textures of nodules, and nodule coverage is calculated by the image analysis method. Average nodule abundance estimated from seabed photographs by using the equation is approximately 92% of the actual average abundance in KODOS area. The measured sampling points by box core or free fall grab are in general very sparse and hence nodule abundance distribution should be interpolated and extrapolated from measured data to uncharacterized areas. The another goal of this study is to depict continuous distribution of nodule abundance in KODOS area by using PC-version of geostatistical model in which several stages are systematically proceeded. Geostatistics was used to analyse spatial structure and distribution of regionalized variable(nodule abundance) within sets of real data. In order to investigate the spatial structure of nodule abundance in KODOS area, experimental variograms were calculated and fitted to a spherical models in isotropy and anisotropy, respectively. The spherical structure models were used to map out distribution of the nodule abundance for isotropic and anisotropic models by using the kriging method. The result from anisotropic model is much more reliable than one of isotropic model. Distribution map of nodule abundance produced by PC-version of geostatistical model indicates that approximately 40% of KODOS area is considered to be promising area(nodule abundance > $5kg/m^2$) for mining in case of anisotropy.