A Comparative Study on the Risk(Individual and Societal) Assessment for Surrounding Areas of Chemical Processes

화학공정 주변지역에 미치는 위험성(사회적 위험성 및 개인적 위험성) 평가방법에 관한 비교 연구

  • 김윤화 (광운대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 엄성인 (광운대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 고재욱 (광운대학교 화학공학과)
  • Published : 1995.03.01


Two methods of the numerical method of CPQRA(Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis) and the manual method of IAEA(International Atomic Energy Agency) were used to estimate the individual risk and societal risk around the chemical plant. Where, the CPQRA is introduced to verify the theoritical background of the manual of international atomic energy agency. The Gaussian plume model which has a weather stability class D with velocity of 5m/s was applied to calculate dispersion of hazard material. Also, 8-point method was employed to the effects of accidents for wind distribution. Furthermore, historical record, FTA(Fault Tree Analysis) and ETA(Event Tree Analysis) were used to estimate the probability or frequency of accidents. Eventually, the individual risk shows isorisk contour and the societal risk shows F-N curve around hazard facility, especially in chemical plants. Caulculated results, which both individual and societal risk, by using IAEA manual show simillar results to those of calculation by numerical method of CPQRA.